Acne-prone skin types, we see you and we feel you! We know how it is to be frustrated switching product after product to rid your pretty face of pesky pimples and nothing has worked.
But maybe—just maybe—it could be because you haven’t identified what kind of acne you have. It’s crucial to find out what kind of acne you have because what works for one type, won’t work for another.
Read on about the types of blemishes to figure out how to get rid of yours.
Also known as closed comedones, whiteheads appear as tiny white or flesh-colored bumps. Typically, the skin around it is red and sometimes even wrinkled.
Treatments for these kinds of blemishes are abundant. Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur, or resorcinol are the ingredients you should look for when you shop for skincare products. Don’t worry though, whiteheads usually don’t scar or leave a mark.
The opposite of whiteheads—blackheads are open comedones which look like slightly raised black specks. Contrary to popular belief, the “black heads” aren’t trapped dirt. Blackheads are essentially whiteheads that opened up and got exposed to air.
Treatments for blackheads are similar to whiteheads, but lifestyle changes always help. Washing your face at least twice a day or wearing sunscreen daily is never a bad idea to keep blemishes at bay.
Now we get to the nastier types. Pimples or pustules are circular bumps that have a white or yellowish pus in the center—it’s like the eye of a scary storm. Bacterial cells who group together are responsible for forming that pus.
Mild cases of pustules usually call for over-the-counter ointments and creams. If it’s not severe, benzoyl peroxide will do as well as washing your face with cool water.
Don’t forget to frequently change your pillow cases, too!
Papules appear when blackheads or whiteheads cause too much damage on its surrounding area, which leads to inflammation under the skin’s surface. They look like pink bumps with no visible center.
Treating papules is the same as how you’d treat pustules. With consistent use of salicylic acid to rid your skin of dead skin cells and other dirt or benzoyl peroxide to fight off bacteria breeding on your face.
Nodules look like bigger papules that form deeper under the surface. It will feel like tender and often times painful lumps. This lesion forms when pores get clogged and cause damage to tissue and cells inside the skin.
For cases like nodules, a consultation with a dermatologist is suggested. There’s more than one solution to inflammatory blemishes like this that include both topical and oral treatments, as well as procedures like chemical peels or extractions.
Cysts are those painful, uncomfortable lumps settled deep under your skin. What’s worse is they’re filled with pus! That’s why cysts feel tender and soft. Bad news: you can’t get rid of this type at home.
Because they form deeper under the skin than nodules, they are the most severe type of acne. Treatments for cysts are usually the heavy duty stuff—antibiotics, corticosteroids, and retinoids, which should be prescribed by a dermatologist.
If you think you have this type of blemish, it’s time for a trip to the doctor.